The best way to recover the ocean is to observe it.  Welcome to join us!

The photo left shows our nighttime UCTD observation across the Kuroshio.

R/V Ocean Researcher I — Cruise 1028, February 26 2013

[A clip for OR-1 30th Anniversary on Youtube]

“If we knew what we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?” – Einstein




Recovering PIES from a 2-year observation

along a zonal transect across the Kuroshio

east of Taiwan (Nov 2012 to Nov 2014)

R/V Ocean Researcher I — Cruise 1093




AGU’s “Research Spotlight” —

Chiou, M.-D., S. Jan*, J. Wang, R.-C. Lien, and H. Chien (2011) Sources of baroclinic tidal energy in the Gaoping Submarine Canyon off southwestern Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, 116, C12016, doi:10.1029/2011JC007366.


Colored arrows indicate the energy flux of the internal tide flowing in and around the Gaoping Canyon, with warm colors denoting high flux and cool colors low flux. The internal waves are heavily influenced by steep drops in the sea floor at the Taiwan and Luzon straits. (Graph: Tien-Hsa Kuo)







1982-1986 B. Eng., Chung Yuen University, Taiwan, Mechanical Engineering

1986-1988 M.S., National Taiwan University, Taiwan, Physical Oceanography

1991-1995 Ph.D., National Taiwan University, Taiwan, Physical Oceanography


1995-1998 Associate Researcher, Tainan Hydraulic Laboratory, National Cheng-Kung University, Taiwan, R.O.C.

1998-2001 Assistant Research Scientist, National Center for Ocean Research, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2001-2003 Assistant Professor, Institute of Physical Oceanography, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2003-2005 Assistant Professor, Institute of Hydrological Sciences, National Central University, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2005-2009 Associate Professor, Institute of Hydrological and Oceanic Sciences, National Central University, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2009-2012 Associate Professor, Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2012-         Professor, Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, R.O.C.


Circulations in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Continental shelf circulations, Coastal and estuarine physical oceanography, Water mass analysis, Numerical modeling of small- to meso-scale processes in the ocean.

IV. Recent papers in refereed journals [*Corresponding Author (non-first author); ▲: Citation number; SCI: Impact Factor]

  1. Tsai, C.-J., M. Andres*, S. Jan*, V. Mensah, T. B. Sanford, R.-C. Lien, and C. M. Lee (2015), Eddy-Kuroshio interaction processes revealed by mooring observations off Taiwan and Luzon. Geophysical Research Letters (accepted for publication, 2015/9/17)
  2. Mensah, V., S. Jan, M.-H. Chang, Y.-J. Yang (2015) Intraseasonal to seasonal variability of the intermediate waters along the Kuroshio path east of Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 2015JC010768.
  3. Alford, M. et al. (2015) The formation and fate of internal waves in the South China Sea. Nature, 521, 65-69 (7 May 2015), doi: 10.1038/nature14399. [link]
  4. Jan, S., Y. J. Yang, J. Wang, V. Mensah, T.-H. Kuo, M.-D. Chiou, C.-S. Chern, M.-H. Chang, and H. Chien (2015) Large variability of the Kuroshio at 23.75°N east of Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JC010614. [link]
  5. Chen, C. C.; S. C. Hsu, S. Jan, G. C. Gong (2015) Episodic events imposed on the seasonal nutrient dynamics of an upwelling system off northeastern Taiwan, Journal of Marine Systems, 141(SI), 128-135. [link] (▲: 0; SCI: 2.816)
  6. Lin, Y. T., T. F. Duda, C. Emerson, G. Gawarkiewicz, A. E. Newhall, B. Calder, J. F. Lynch, P. Abbot, Y. J. Yang, S. Jan (2015) Experimental and Numerical Studies of Sound Propagation Over a Submarine Canyon Northeast of Taiwan, IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 40, 1, 237-249. [link] (▲: 0; IF: 1.325)
  7. Mensah, V., S. Jan, M.-D. Chiou, T.-H. Kuo, and R.-C. Lien (2014) Evolution of the Kuroshio Tropical Water from the Luzon Strait to the east of Taiwan. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 86, 68-81, [link]
  8. Farmer, D., S. Jan, Y.-H. Tseng, D. Yuan, and S.-H. Lee (2014) Special issue of 16th PAMS Meeting: Recent advances in the oceanography of Pacific-Asian Marginal Seas. Progress in Oceanography, 121, 1-6, doi: (▲: ; IF:3.708)
  9. Shen, M.-L., Y.-H. Tseng, S. Jan, C.-C. Young, and M.-D. Chiou (2014) Long-term variability of the Kuroshio transport east of Taiwan and the climate it conveys. Progress in Oceanography, 121, 60-73, (▲: ; IF:3.708)
  10. Chiou, M.-D., E. T. Y. Chang, and S. Jan (2013) Evaluation of seismic rupture models for the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake using tsunami simulation. Terrestrial, Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, 24, 4, Part 1, 491-503. doi: 10.3319/TAO.2012.09.10.01(TibXS) (▲:3 ; IF:0.705)
  11. Gawarkiewicz, G and S. Jan (2013) The quantifying, predicting, and exploiting uncertainty program: Exploring oceanographic processes in a complex bathymetric shelf/slope environment affected by the Kuroshio. Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 1-18. (▲:1 ; IF:0.986)
  12. Jan, S., J Wang, Y. J. Yang, C.-C. Hung, C.-S. Chern, G. Gawarkiewicz, R.-C. Lien, L. Centurioni, J.-Y. Kuo, and B. Wang (2013) Observations of a freshwater pulse induced by Typhoon Morakot off the northern coast of Taiwan in August 2009.  Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 19-46. (▲: ; IF:0.986)
  13. Lien, R.-C., T. B. Sanford, S. Jan, M.-H. Chang, and B.-B. Ma (2013) Internal tides on the East China Sea continental slope. Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 151-186. (▲: ; IF:0.986)
  14. Tsai, Y., C.-S. Chern, S. Jan, and J. Wang (2013) Numerical study of Cold Dome variability induced by Typhoon Morakot (2009) off Northeastern Taiwan. Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 109-132 (▲: ; IF:0.986)
  15. Hung, C.-C., C.-C. Chung, G.-C. Gong, S. Jan, Y. Tsai, K.-S. Chen, W.-C. Chou, M.-A. Lee, Y. Chang, M.-H. Chen, W.-R. Yang, C.-J. Tseng, and G. Gawarkiewicz (2013) Nutrient supply in the southern East China Sea after Typhoon Morakot. Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 133-150 (▲: ; IF:0.986)
  16. Vélez-Belchí, P., L. R. Centurioni, D.-K. Lee, S. Jan, and P. P. Niiler (2013) Eddy induced Kuroshio intrusions onto the continental shelf of the East China Sea. Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 83-108 (▲: ; IF:0.986)
  17. Duda, T., A. E. Newhall, G. Gawarkiewicz, M. J. Caruso, H. C. Graber, Y. J. Yang, and S. Jan (2013) Measured significant internal waves and internal tides northeast of Taiwan. Journal of Marine Research, 71, 1-2, 47-82 (▲: ; IF:0.986)
  18. Hsu, S.-K., S‐Y. Wang, Y.‐C. Liao, T. F. Yang, S. Jan, J.‐Y. Lin, S.‐C. Chen (2013) Tide-modulated gas emissions and tremors off SW Taiwan. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 369–370, 98–107.
  19. Jan, S., C.-S. Chern, J. Wang, and M.-D. Chiou (2012) Generation and propagation of baroclinic tides modified by the Kuroshio in the Luzon Strait. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, 117, C02019, doi:10.1029/2011JC007229. (▲: ; SCI: 3.303)
  20. Tseng, Y. H., M.L. Shen, S. Jan, D. E. Dietrich, and C. P. Chiang (2012) Validation of the Kuroshio current system in the dual-domain Pacific Ocean model framework. Progress in Oceanography, (▲: ; SCI: 3.582)
  21. Chang, Y.-Y., C.-K. Huang, C.-F. Chen, and S. Jan (2012) Study of transmission loss variation affected by internal tides in the sea area northeast of Taiwan. Journal of Computational Acoustics, 20, 1, 1250002, doi:10.1142/S0218396X1100450X (▲: ; SCI: 0.673)
  22. Chiou, M.-D., S. Jan*, J. Wang, R.-C. Lien, and H. Chien (2011) Sources of baroclinic tidal energy in the Gaoping Submarine Canyon off southwestern Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, 116, C12016, doi:10.1029/2011JC007366. (▲: ; SCI: 3.303) (Note: AGU’s Research Spotlight)
  23. Jan, S., C.-C. Chen, Y.-L. Tsai, Y. J. Yang, J. Wang, C.-S. Chern, G. Gawarkiewicz, R.-C. Lien, L. Centurioni, and J.-Y. Kuo (2011) Mean structure and variability of the cold dome northeast of Taiwan. Oceanography, 24, 4, 100–109, (▲: 3; SCI: 1.891)
  24. Gawarkiewicz, G., S. Jan, P. Lermusiaux , J. McClean, L. Centurioni, K. Taylor, B. Cornuelle, T. F. Duda, J. Wang, Y. J. Yang, T. Sanford, R.-C. Lien, C. Lee, M.-A. Lee, W. Leslie, P. J. Haley Jr., P. P. Niiler, G. Gopalakrishnan, P. Velez-Belchi , D.-K. Lee, and Y. Y. Kim (2011) Circulation and intrusions northeast of Taiwan: Chasing and predicting uncertainty in the cold dome. Oceanography, 24, 4, 110–121, (▲: 1; SCI: 1.891)
  25. Rudnick, L. D., S. Jan, L. Centurioni, C. Lee, R.-C. Lien, J. Wang, D. K. Lee, R.-S. Tseng, Y. Y. Kim, C.-S. Chern (2011) Seasonal and mesoscale variability of the Kuroshio near its origin. Oceanography, 24, 4, 52–63, (▲: 5; SCI: 1.891)
  26. Jiang, Z. P., J. C. Huang, M. H. Dai, S. J. Kao, D. J. Hydes, W. C. Chou, and S. Jan (2011) Short-term dynamics of oxygen and carbon in productive nearshore shallow seawater systems off Taiwan: Observations and modeling. Limnology and Oceanography, 56: 1832-1849. doi:10.4319/lo.2011.56.5.1832 (▲: 0; SCI: 3.385)
  27. Shen, M.-L., Y.-H. Tseng, and S. Jan (2011) The formation and dynamics of the cold-dome off northeastern Taiwan. Journal of Marine Systems, 86, 1-2, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.01.002 (▲: 1; SCI: 2.005)
  28. Chen, Y.-N., Y.-C. Gung, S.-H. You, S.-H. Hung, L.-Y. Chiao, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chen, W.-T. Liang, and S. Jan (2011) Characteristics of short period secondary microseisms (SPSM) in Taiwan: the influence of shallow oceanstrait on SPSM. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L04305, doi:10.1029/2010GL046290 (▲: 0; SCI: 3.505)
  29. Lermusiaux, P. F. J., J. Xu, L. Y. Chiu, C.-F. Chen, S. Jan, and Y. J. Yang (2010) Coupled ocean–acoustic prediction of transmission loss in a continental shelfbreak region: Predictive skill, uncertainty quantification, and dynamical sensitivities. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 35, 4, 895-916. doi:10.1109/JOE.2010.2068611 (▲: 4; SCI: 1.402)
  30. Chern, C.-S., S. Jan*, and J. Wang (2010) Numerical study of mean flow patterns in the South China Sea and the Luzon Strait. Ocean Dynamics, 60, 5, 1047-1059. doi: 10.1007/s10236-010-0305-3 (▲: 3; SCI: 1.677)
  31. Chen, C.-T. A., S. Jan, T.-S. Huang, B.-J. Wang, and Y.-H. Tseng (2010) The spring of no Kuroshio intrusion in the southern Taiwan Strait. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, 115, C08011, doi:10.1029/2009JC005804 (▲: 3; SCI: 3.303)
  32. Jan, S., Y.-H. Tseng, and D. E. Dietrich (2010) Sources of water in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 66, 211-221. (▲: 5; SCI: 1.293)
  33. Hu, C.-K., C.-T. Chiu, S.-H. Chen, J.-Y. Kuo, S. Jan*, and Y.-H. Tseng (2010) Numerical simulation of barotropic tides around Taiwan. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 21, 1, 71-84, doi: 10.3319/TAO.2009.05.25.02(IWNOP) (▲: 10; SCI: 0.59)
  34. Tseng, Y.-H., S. Jan, D. E. Dietrich, I-I Lin, Y.-T. Chang, and T. Y. Tang (2010) Modeled Oceanic Response and sea surface cooling to Typhoon Kai-Tak.Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 21, 1, 85-98, doi: 10.3319/TAO.2009.06.08.02(IWNOP) (▲: 5; SCI: 0.59)
  35. Jan, S. and C. T. A. Chen (2009) Potential biogeochemical effects from vigorous internal tides generated in the Luzon Strait: A case study at the southernmost coast of Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research–Oceans, 114, C04021, doi:10.1029/2008JC004887 (▲: 2; SCI: 3.303)
  36. Chou, W.-C., G.-C. Gong, D. D. Sheu, S. Jan, C.-C. Hung, and C.-C. Chen (2009) Reconciling the paradox that the heterotrophic waters of the East China Sea shelf act as a significant CO2 sink: Evidence and implications. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L15607, doi:10.1029/2009GL038475 (▲: 3; SCI: 3.505)
  37. Lee Chen, Y.-L., H.-Y. Chen, S. Jan, and S.-H. Tuo (2009) Phytoplankton productivity enhancement and assemblage change in the upstream Kuroshio after typhoons. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 385, 111-126, doi: 10.3354/meps08053 (▲: 3; SCI: 2.483)
  38. Morimoto, A., S. Kojima, S. Jan, and D. Takahashi (2009) Movement of the Kuroshio axis to the northeast shelf of Taiwan during typhoon events.Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences, 82, 547-552, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.02.022 (▲:3; SCI: 1.887)
  39. Jan, S., R.-C. Lien, and C.-H. Ting (2008) Numerical study of baroclinic tides in Luzon Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 64, 5, 789-802. (▲: 13; SCI: 1.293)
  40. Kao, S.-J., S. Jan, S.-C. Hsu, T.-Y. Lee, and M. Dai (2008) Sediment budget in the Taiwan Strait with high fluvial sediment inputs from mountainous rivers: new observations and synthesis. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 19, 5, 525-546, doi: 10.3319/TAO.2008.19.5.525(Oc) (▲: 1; SCI: 0.59)
  41. Jan, S, C.-S. Chern, J. Wang, and S.-Y. Chao (2007) Generation of diurnal K1 internal tide in the Luzon Strait and its influence on surface tide in the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, C06019, doi:10.1029/2006JC004003 (▲: 15; SCI: 3.303)
  42. Jan, S., D. D. Sheu, and H.-M. Kuo (2006) Water mass and throughflow transport variability in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, 111, C12012, doi:10.1029/2006JC003656 (▲: 30; SCI: 3.303)
  43. Li, C., J. Hu, S. Jan, Z. Wei, G. Fang, and Q. Zheng (2006) Winter-spring fronts in Taiwan Strait. Journal of Geophysical ResearchOceans, 111, C11S13, doi:10.1029/2005JC003203 (▲: 6; SCI: 3.303)
  44. Shiah F.-K., T.-H. Wu, K.-Y. Li, S.-J. Kao, Y.-F. Tseng, J.-L. Chung, and S. Jan (2006) Thermal effects on heterotrophic processes in a coastal ecosystem adjacent to nuclear power plant. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 309:55-65 (▲: 5; SCI: 2.483)
  45. Shiah, F.-K., Y.-Y. Tu, H.-S. Tsai, S.-J. Kao, and S. Jan (2005) A case study of system and planktonic responses in a subtropical warm plume receiving thermal effluents from a power plant. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 16, 2, 513-528 (▲: 3; SCI: 0.59)
  46. Lin, S.-F., T.-Y. Tang, S. Jan, and C.-J. Chen (2005) Taiwan Strait current in winter. Continental Shelf Research, 25, 1023-1042, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2004.12.008 (▲: 29; SCI: 1.928)

Papers published during 1994-2004 -> Click here